Between the 16th and nineteenth centuries, the traditional Armenian homeland composed of Eastern Armenia and Western Armenia got here beneath the rule of the Ottoman and Iranian empires, repeatedly dominated by both of the 2 over the centuries. By the 19th century, Eastern Armenia had been conquered by the Russian Empire, whereas most of the western elements of the traditional Armenian homeland remained underneath Ottoman rule. During World War I, Armenians living of their ancestral lands in the Ottoman Empire were systematically exterminated within the Armenian Genocide.
The TSFSR existed from 1922 to 1936, when it was divided up into three separate entities (Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, and Georgian SSR). They received drugs, food, and other provisions from Moscow, and communist rule proved to be a soothing balm in distinction to the turbulent final years of the Ottoman Empire. The scenario was troublesome for the church, which struggled under Soviet rule. After the dying of Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin took the reins of power and commenced an period of renewed worry and terror for Armenians. This federation, nevertheless, lasted from solely February to May 1918, when all three events determined to dissolve it.
Shutdown of the nuclear power plant in 1989 result in the Armenian vitality disaster of 1990s. The GDP fell practically 60% between 1989 and 1993, but then resumed strong growth after the ability plant was reopened in 1995. The nationwide forex, the dram, suffered hyperinflation for the primary years after its introduction in 1993. The economy depends heavily on investment and support from Armenians overseas.
There is an Armenian neighborhood in the Sudan (estimated to be round a thousand Armenians). There are around one thousand Israeli-Armenians with Israeli citizenship, residing primarily in Jerusalem, Tel Aviv, Jaffa, and Haifa. When considering the whole variety armenian woman of Armenians within the areas managed by the Palestinian Authority, the Armenian neighborhood in Israel and the West Bank added, the variety of Armenian might total round five thousand. The Armenians presence in northern Persia/Iran continued to increase.
Signed between the Allied and Associated Powers and Ottoman Empire at Sèvres on 10 August 1920, the Treaty of Sèvres promised to maintain the existence of the Armenian republic and to connect the previous territories of Ottoman Armenia to it. Because the brand new borders of Armenia have been to be drawn by United States President Woodrow Wilson, Ottoman Armenia was additionally referred to as „Wilsonian Armenia”. In addition, just days prior, on 5 August 1920, Mihran Damadian of the Armenian National Union, the de facto Armenian administration in Cilicia, declared the independence of Cilicia as an Armenian autonomous republic under French protectorate. The outbreak of World War I led to confrontation between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire within the Caucasus and Persian Campaigns. The new authorities in Istanbul began to look on the Armenians with distrust and suspicion, as a result of the Imperial Russian Army contained a contingent of Armenian volunteers.
It is news that Kim Kardashian will relish – Armenian women have been voted the sexiest on the earth. George A. Bournoutian, A Concise History of the Armenian People (Mazda, 2003, 2004). I. M. Diakonoff, The Pre-History of the Armenian People (revised, trans. Lori Jennings), Caravan Books, New York , ISBN . The number of Syrian Armenians is estimated to be far lower as a result of Syrian Civil War, as these are pre-warfare figures.
Immediately previous to the introduction of Arabic, the people residing in Lebanon—both those who would become Muslim and the vast majority who would stay Christian, together with the tiny Jewish minority—spoke Aramaic, or extra exactly, a Western Aramaic language. As the relative proportion of the varied sects is politically delicate, Lebanon has not collected official census data on ethnic background for the reason that 1932 beneath the French Mandate. The Lebanese have all the time traveled the world, many of them settling permanently, most notably within the last two centuries.
Armenia established a Church that still exists independently of both the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox church buildings, having turn out to be so in 451 AD on account of its stance concerning the Council of Chalcedon. Today this church is called the Armenian Apostolic Church, which is part of the Oriental Orthodox communion, to not be confused with the Eastern Orthodox communion. During its later political eclipses, Armenia depended on the church to protect and protect its distinctive identification. However, the continual upheavals, which characterized the political scenes of Armenia, made the political energy transfer to safer places.
Armenia is bordered on the north by Georgia, the east by Azerbaijan; the south by Iran; and the southwest and west by Turkey. Armenia lies between latitudes 38° and forty two° N, and meridians 43° and 47° E. During the Gorbachev period of the Eighties, with the reforms of Glasnost and Perestroika, Armenians started to demand better environmental care for his or her nation, opposing the air pollution that Soviet-built factories introduced.
While it’s primarily spoken in Iran and a few border areas in neighbouring countries, the nation is likely one of the region’s largest and most populous. It belongs to the Indo-Iranian department of the family of Indo-European languages.
In 301 AD, Armenia adopted Christianity as a state religion, turning into the primary state to do so. The declare is primarily based on the fifth-century work of Agathangelos titled „The History of the Armenians.” Agathangelos witnessed at first hand the baptism of the Armenian King Trdat III (c. 301/314 A.D.) by St. Gregory the Illuminator. Armenians of the Diaspora are the primary speakers of the Western dialect of the Armenian language. This dialect has appreciable differences with Eastern Armenian, however audio system of both of the two variations can usually understand one another.
In the early 4th century, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to undertake Christianity as a state religion. According to the US State Department, in 1922 there have been 817,873 Armenian refugees who had originated from Turkey. This figure was based mostly upon data offered by the British Embassy in Constantinople and 1921 knowledge from the Near East Relief Society. The complete given did not include in a position-bodied Armenians detained by Kemalist Turkey, nor Armenian women and kids – approximately ninety five,000, in accordance with the League of Nations – who’ve been compelled to convert to Islam.
Greek and Syriac had been the languages of the Armenian Apostolic Church from the day of its creation (301 AD) to 405 AD, when Mesrop Mashtots invented the Armenian alphabet. According to the 2011 Armenian Census, there were 37,403 Kurds (35,272 Yazidis and a couple of,131 non-Yazidi Kurds) in Armenia. 33,509 of Armenia’s citizens converse Kurdish as a primary language (31,479 reported Yazidi while 2,030 reported Kurdish). 32,688 of the speakers have been ethnic Kurds, whereas the other 821 Kurdish-language audio system had been non-Kurds (777 had been ethnic Armenians).